The Spanish National Biosecurity Plan is a law that aims to reduce the risk of the development of a biological weapon of mass destruction by securing high consequence pathogens. The plan is divided into four sections: 1. Pathogen inventory: creates a requirement for keeping an inventory of all pathogens in a lab that outlines what they are being used for and how they are being stored, 2. Transportation security: makes it mandatory to declare pathogen and to follow regulations for custody during transport, 3. Intangible transfers: extends the scope of the regulation beyond physical materials, such as formulas, data, technical reports, etc. that have dual use potential but are harder to control, 4. National Biosecurity commission: establishes the commission to oversee the implementation of the plan.
This plan was developed by the Spanish National Security Council through a Specialized Committee for the Non-Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction, chaired by the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs. This initiative was under the 2017 National Security Strategy in Spain, which had a special focus on non-proliferation. The plan aimed to match other countries’ strategies, such as those in Germany, France, Canada, the United States, Australia and the United Kingdom. The plan was released in February 2019 and is available in Spanish.